Why Seahorses?
Seahorse species

Species Spotlight

South Africa’s endemic Cape seahorse is listed as Endangered by the IUCN because of its limited range and habitat vulnerability

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1. Seahorses are marine fish with several life history characteristics hypothesized to make them resilient but are of conservation concern because of their international trade and habitat loss. 2....

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A Guide to the Identification of Seahorses by S.A Lourie, S.J. Foster, E.W.T. Cooper and A.C.J. Vincent (2004). Project Seahorse and TRAFFIC North America. Washington D.C., University of British Columbia and World Wildlife Fund. Illustrations by Laurence Richardson. This publication is available here as a single PDF file or in sections.

Big-belly seahorse, Hippocampus abdominalis West African seahorse, Hippocampus algiricus
Narrow-bellied seahorse, Hippocampus angustus Barbour's seahorse, Hippocampus barbouri
Bargibant's seahorse, Hippocampus bargibanti Reunion seahorse, Hippocampus borboniensis
Short-headed seahorse, Hippocampus breviceps Giraffee seahorse, Hippocampus camelopardalis
Cape/Knysna seahorse, Hippocampus capensis Tiger tail seahorse, Hippocampus comes
Crowned seahorse, Hippocampus coronatus Dwarf seahorse, Hippocampus zosterae
Denise's seahorse, Hippocampus denise Lined seahorse, Hippocampus erectus
Fisher's seahorse, Hippocampus fisheri Sea pony, Hippocampus fuscus
Long-snouted seahorse, Hippocampus guttulatus Short-snouted seahorse, Hippocampus hippocampus
Thorny seahorse, Hippocampus histrix Pacific seahorse, Hippocampus ingens
Jayakar's seahorse, Hippocampus jayakari Kellogg's seahorse, Hippocampus kelloggi
Yellow seahorse, Hippocampus kuda Lichtenstein's seahorse, Hippocampus lichtensteinii
Bullneck seahorse, Hippocampus minotaur Japanese seahorse, Hippocampus mohnikei
Slender seahorse, Hippocampus reidi Shiho's seahorse, Hippocampus sindonis
Hedgehog seahorse, Hippocampus spinosissimus West Australian seahorse, Hippocampus subelongatus
Three-spot seahorse, Hippocampus trimaculatus White's seahorse, Hippocampus whitei
Zebra seahorse, Hippocampus zebra  












 Easy-to-use, interactive, online identification guides for identifying all seahorse species (dried or live) and the seahorse species found in the nine focal CITES Parties/countries can be found at HippocampusInfo.org.