Research
Resources & Publications
"If variety is the spice of life, someone must have hit me in the face with a rack of it."

Species Spotlight

H. erectus develops elaborate skin fronds and has variable forms and may represent more than one species.

Email us at info@projectseahorse.org if you would like to order a specific paper. Please click here if you are interested in research opportunities with Project Seahorse.

Journal Article
2014
In this study, the spot pattern in Hippocampus guttulatus was analysed using a computer programme algorithm that allowed individual comparison. This methodology was first tested in a controlled environment using 51 adult and 55 juvenile H....
Journal Article
2014
Ecologically sound fisheries management and improving future food security require that small fish by-catch in tropical shrimp trawl fisheries is maintained at, or reduced to, sustainable levels; restricting trawling in particular places, or at...
Journal Article
2014
1. In principle, the database generated by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) offers an unparalleled opportunity to analyse trade in species of conservation concern. 2. The value of the...
Journal Article
2014
Life-history variables for three incidentally captured species of seahorse (Kellogg's seahorse Hippocampus kelloggi, the hedgehog seahorse Hippocampus spinosissimus and the three-spot seahorse Hippocampus trimaculatus) were established using...
Journal Article
2014
Two seahorse species, Hippocampus spinosissimus and Hippocampus trimaculatus, sampled in east and west coastal waters of Peninsular Malaysia, fed mostly on crustacean prey; small caridean shrimps and amphipods as adults (both species), and copepods...
Journal Article
2014
Concerns regarding the sustainability of the seahorse Hippocampus spp. trade led to their listing on CITES Appendix II in 2002, with implementation in 2004. In 2007 we interviewed wholesale traders of seahorses in Hong Kong, China, seeking...
Journal Article
2014
Small-scale fisheries catch and effort estimates are often built on incomplete data because they overlook women’s fishing. Women do participate in small-scale fisheries, and often in ways distinct from men’s fishing. Hence, the inclusion of women’s...
Journal Article
2014
Marine ecosystem–scale fisheries research and management must include the fishing effort of women and men. Even with growing recognition that women do fish, there remains an imperative to engage in more meaningful and relevant gender analysis to...
Journal Article
2014
Ending illegal, unregulated, and unreported fishing would bring hope for ocean wildlife.
Journal Article
2013
1. Coral-reef managers must detect and reverse collapses in habitat and evaluate the success of such interventions. Since these responsibilities must be met with limited time and resources,methods used should balance statistical power with practical...
Journal Article
2013
The recent decline of the seahorse populations in the Ria Formosa lagoon could indicate the presence of a stressful factor due to habitat loss. Artificial structures have been successfully used as a recovery tool to cope with habitat degradation...
Journal Article
2013
To understand how a sedentary fish responds to displacement and identify key habitat characteristics for that fish, we translocated long-snouted seahorses (Hippocampus guttulatus) within their natural habitat but far beyond their home range. After...
Journal Article
2013
All possible tools need to be marshalled for marine fish conservation. Yet controversy has swirled around what role, if any, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) should play for marine fishes....
Journal Article
2013
The present research provides the first demographic reference points for tropical seahorses, relevant to conservation of this largely tropical genus Hippocampus, which is listed on the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild...
Journal Article
2012
1. Tropical shrimp trawlers mostly catch small fish species as bycatch, and commitments to ecosystem-based management and food supply demand adjustment of such bycatch to sustainable levels. Pragmatic ways to assess and address the impact of...
Journal Article
2012
The Chagos Archipelago was designated a no-take marine protected area (MPA) in 2010; it covers 550 000 km2, with more than 60 000 km2 shallow limestone platform and reefs. This has doubled the global cover of such MPAs. It contains 25–50% of the...
Journal Article
2012
Partial fin-clipping is a non-lethal sampling technique commonly used to sample tissue for molecular genetic studies of fish. The effect of this technique was tested on seahorses (Hippocampus spp.) as they have several peculiar biological...
Journal Article
2012
The principles of sustainable management of marine capture fisheries and the protection of biodiversity are established by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) and its implementing agreement (1). Building on these, Agenda 21...
Journal Article
2012
1. Seahorses are marine fish with several life history characteristics hypothesized to make them resilient but are of conservation concern because of their international trade and habitat loss. 2. Surveys of two unexploited European seahorse...
Journal Article
2012
Researchers are turning to alternative data sources (e.g., resource user knowledge) to provide information required for wildlife management. Little is known about the reliability of data elicited from resource users relative to data obtained from...
Technical Bulletins
Koldewey, Heather, ed. (2005) Seahorse husbandry in public aquaria: Manual with chapters contributed by members of the Syngnathidae discussion group. Project Seahorse and Zoological Society of London
Technical Bulletins
Protocols for establishing and maintaining Internet-based information-sharing research networks. 
Technical Bulletins
Organizing Workshops and Preparing Subsequent Proceedings
Technical Bulletins
A comprehensive guide as to what marking techniques have been attempted in seahorses, their potential benefits and pitfalls. 
Position Statement
April 18, 2009
Project Seahorse recognizes that a sustainable trade in syngnathids for the public aquarium market has a role to play in the conservation of seahorses and pipefishes (syngnathids). All consumers of...
Position Statement
April 18, 2009
Project Seahorse supports environmentally and socially responsible syngnathid aquaculture. Syngnathid aquaculture has received much attention recently both as a potentially lucrative commercial...
Position Statement
April 18, 2009
Project Seahorse encourages the careful management of captive syngnathids so as to ensure that casual releases into natural habitats do not occur. Syngnathid populations are threatened in some parts...
Position Statement
April 18, 2009
Project Seahorse cautions against mating across different species (hybridization) of seahorses and pipefishes (syngnathids). Trade in hybrid offspring of such matings may compromise captive breeding...
Conference Proceedings
2011
Project Seahorse will unite with its partners to determine how we can speed up the creation of marine protected areas (MPAs) throughout the Philippines and ensure that they are forever successful. We will coordinate a discussion-workshop in which we...
Conference Proceedings
Vincent, ACJ
2008
Multiple layers of political and socioeconomic pressure bear down on the fish and fishers in coral reef ecosystems, where conservation and fisheries often come into great conflict. This paper draws on conversations with members of an alliance of...
Conference Proceedings
Lourie, SA
2006
As with many fish species, seahorses (genus Hippocampus) attain their highest species richness in Southeast Asia/Australasia. It is likely that the complex geological history of the region and the effects of Pleistocene sea-level changes have...